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To explain to Beaufort Secondary College parents, carers, staff and students the processes and procedures in place to support students diagnosed as being at risk of suffering from anaphylaxis. This policy also ensures that Beaufort Secondary College is compliant with Ministerial Order 706 and the Department’s guidelines for anaphylaxis management.
This policy applies to:
Beaufort Secondary College will fully comply with Ministerial Order 706 and the associated guidelines published by the Department of Education and Training.
Anaphylaxis is a severe allergic reaction that occurs after exposure to an allergen. The most common allergens for school-aged children are nuts, eggs, cow’s milk, fish, shellfish, wheat, soy, sesame, latex, certain insect stings and medication.
Signs and symptoms of a mild to moderate allergic reaction can include:
Signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis, a severe allergic reaction, can include:
Symptoms usually develop within ten minutes and up to two hours after exposure to an allergen, but can appear within a few minutes.
Adrenaline given as an injection into the muscle of the outer mid-thigh is the first aid treatment for anaphylaxis.
Individuals diagnosed as being at risk of anaphylaxis are prescribed an adrenaline autoinjector for use in an emergency. These adrenaline autoinjectors are designed so that anyone can use them in an emergency.
Individual Anaphylaxis Management Plans
All students at Beaufort Secondary College who are diagnosed by a medical practitioner as being at risk of suffering from an anaphylactic reaction must have an Individual Anaphylaxis Management Plan. When notified of an anaphylaxis diagnosis, the Principal of Beaufort Secondary College is responsible for developing a plan in consultation with the student’s parents/carers.
Where necessary, an Individual Anaphylaxis Management Plan will be in place as soon as practicable after a student enrols at Beaufort Secondary College and where possible, before the student’s first day.
Parents and carers must:
Each student’s Individual Anaphylaxis Management Plan must include:
Review and updates to Individual Anaphylaxis Management Plans
A student’s Individual Anaphylaxis Management Plan will be reviewed and updated on an annual basis in consultation with the student’s parents/carers. The plan will also be reviewed and, where necessary, updated in the following circumstances:
Our school may also consider updating a student’s Individual Anaphylaxis Management Plan if there is an identified and significant increase in the student’s potential risk of exposure to allergens at school.
Location of plans and adrenaline autoinjectors
A copy of each student’s Individual Anaphylaxis Management Plan will be stored with their ASCIA Action Plan for Anaphylaxis at the General Office. Whilst some students keep their adrenaline autoinjector on their person, medication for those that do not will be stored and labelled with their name at the General Office, together with adrenaline autoinjectors for general use.
Risk Minimisation Strategies
To reduce the risk of a student suffering from an anaphylactic reaction at Example School, we have put in place the following strategies:
Adrenaline autoinjectors for general use
Beaufort Secondary College will maintain a supply of adrenaline autoinjectors for general use, as a back-up to those provided by parents and carers for specific students, and also for students who may suffer from a first time reaction at school.
Adrenaline autoinjectors for general use will be stored at the General Office and labelled “general use”.
The Principal is responsible for arranging the purchase of adrenaline autoinjectors for general use, and will consider:
In the event of an anaphylactic reaction, the emergency response procedures in this policy must be followed, together with the school’s general first aid procedures, emergency response procedures and the student’s Individual Anaphylaxis Management Plan.
A complete and up-to-date list of students identified as being at risk of anaphylaxis is maintained by Office staff and stored in multiple classrooms, staffrooms and the General Office. For camps, excursions and special events, a designated staff member will be responsible for maintaining a list of students at risk of anaphylaxis attending the special event, together with their Individual Anaphylaxis Management Plans and adrenaline autoinjectors, where appropriate.
If a student experiences an anaphylactic reaction at school or during a school activity, school staff must:
Administer an EpiPen or EpiPen Jr
Administer an Anapen® 500, Anapen® 300, or Anapen® Jr.
Call an ambulance (000)
If there is no improvement or severe symptoms progress (as described in the ASCIA Action Plan for Anaphylaxis), further adrenaline doses may be administered every five minutes, if other adrenaline autoinjectors are available.
Contact the student’s emergency contacts.
If a student appears to be having a severe allergic reaction but has not been previously diagnosed with an allergy or being at risk of anaphylaxis, school staff should follow steps 2 – 5 as above.
Schools can use either the EpiPen® and Anapen® on any student suspected to be experiencing an anaphylactic reaction, regardless of the device prescribed in their ASCIA Action Plan.
Where possible, schools should consider using the correct dose of adrenaline autoinjector depending on the weight of the student. However, in an emergency if there is no other option available, any device should be administered to the student.
This policy will be available on Beaufort Secondary College’s website so that parents and other members of the school community can easily access information about our anaphylaxis management procedures. The parents and carers of students who are enrolled at Beaufort Secondary College and are identified as being at risk of anaphylaxis will also be provided with a copy of this policy.
The Principal is responsible for ensuring that all relevant staff, including casual relief staff, canteen staff and volunteers are aware of this policy and Beaufort Secondary College’s procedures for anaphylaxis management.
The Principal is also responsible for ensuring relevant staff are trained and briefed in anaphylaxis management, consistent with the Department’s Anaphylaxis Guidelines.
The Principal will ensure that the following school staff are appropriately trained in anaphylaxis management:
Staff who are required to undertake training must have completed:
Beaufort Secondary College uses the following training course ASCIA eTraining course 22578VIC.
Staff are also required to attend a briefing on anaphylaxis management and this policy at least twice per year (with the first briefing to be held at the beginning of the school year), facilitated by a staff member who has successfully completed an anaphylaxis management course within the last 2 years. Each briefing will address:
When a new student enrols at Beaufort Secondary College who is at risk of anaphylaxis, the Principal will develop an interim plan in consultation with the student’s parents and ensure that appropriate staff are trained and briefed as soon as possible.
A record of staff training courses and briefings will be maintained in the school’s Emergency Management Plan, located at the General Office.
The Principal will ensure that while students at risk of anaphylaxis are under the care or supervision of the school outside of normal class activities, including in the school yard, at camps and excursions, or at special event days, there is a sufficient number of school staff present who have been trained in anaphylaxis management.
This policy will also be included in staff induction packs.
Further information and resources
POLICY REVIEW AND APPROVAL
Policy last reviewed
Next scheduled review date
[insert date – noting that this policy has a mandatory review cycle of 1 year]
The Principal will complete the Department’s Annual Risk Management Checklist for anaphylaxis management to assist with the evaluation and review of this policy and the support provided to students at risk of anaphylaxis.